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April 8, 2007

                             []< ET NEWS                                
====================================================================== 
    NEWS AND INFORMATION FOR THE FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING TEAM     
---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
Issue No. 283    ISSN 1554-074X       http://www.etnews.org   4-8-2007 
====================================================================== 
 
Contents
--------
- News
- ET News Journal
- Job Opportunities
- Fire Alarm Class Schedule
- Comments & Acknowledgements 

====================================================================== 
NEWS
====================================================================== 

Building Code Overhaul
Gotham Gazette - New York,NY,USA
New York City will soon get a revamped building code, something that
hasn't happened since 1968, according to an article in the New York 
Sun. ...
http://www.gothamgazette.com/blogs/wonkster/2007/04/06/building-code-
overhaul/

---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Officials act on fire code violations
NorthJersey.com - Hackensack,NJ,USA
Violations, including inoperable emergency lighting units, inadequate
exit signs, and fire-alarm and sprinkler-system test reports that were
not filed, ...
http://www.northjersey.com/page.php?qstr=eXJpcnk3ZjczN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXkzN
TcmZmdiZWw3Zjd2cWVlRUV5eTcxMDY4MjEmeXJpcnk3ZjcxN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXk0

---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Happy birthday Aunt Dave! 

I'll see you in Rolling Meadows this week 
http://www.afaa.org/pdf/IBC_IntFA_RollingMeadows_Apr2007.pdf 

Have fun!

Mike
mailto:mike@etnews.org 

======================================================================
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======================================================================
ET NEWS JOURNAL
======================================================================

NFPA 72-2007 Changes (Part X)
-----------------------------

Chapter 11 Single/Multiple Station Alarms & Household Fire Alarm Sys.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

11.1.2 The requirements of this chapter shall apply to installations
in the following locations: 
(1) One- and two-family dwelling units
(2) Sleeping rooms of lodging and rooming houses
(3) Individual dwelling units of apartment buildings
(4) Guest rooms, sleeping rooms, and living areas within guest suites
of hotels and dormitories
(5) Day-care homes
(6) Residential board and care facilities
(DELETED)

11.3.2 Fire warning equipment shall be installed in accordance with
the listing and manufacturer’s published instructions. 
(NEW)

11.3.5.1 The audible emergency evacuation signal shall be permitted to
be used for other devices as long as the desired response is immediate
evacuation. 
(NEW)

11.3.5.2* Fire warning equipment producing the audible emergency
evacuation signal shall be permitted to incorporate voice notification
under either or both of the following conditions: 
(1) Where the voice message is contained completely within the
1.5-second pause period of the audible emergency evacuation signal  
(2) Where the voice message complies with (a) and (b) as follows:  
(a) The voice message is first preceded by a minimum of eight
cycles of the audible emergency evacuation signal 
(b) The voice message periodically interrupts the signal for no
longer than 10 seconds followed by a minimum of two cycles of the
audible emergency evacuation signal between each voice message.
The initial eight-cycle period shall not be required to be repeated. 
(NEW)

11.5.1* Required Detection 
11.5.1.1* Where required by applicable laws, codes, or standards for
a specific type of occupancy, approved single- and multiple-station
smoke alarms shall be installed as follows: 
(1)*In all sleeping rooms and guest rooms 
(2)*Outside of each separate dwelling unit sleeping area, within
6.4 m (21 ft) of any door to a sleeping room, the distance measured
along a path of travel 
(3) On every level of a dwelling unit, including basements  
(4) On every level of a residential board and care occupancy
(small facility), including basements and excluding crawl spaces and
unfinished attics  
(5)*In the living area(s) of a guest suite  
(6) In the living area(s) of a residential board and care occupancy
(small facility) 
(MORE SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS, EXCEPTIONS REMOVED, ITEMS 5 & 6 ARE NEW,
NEW ANNEX A MATERIAL)

11.5.1.2 Where the area addressed in 11.5.1.1(2) is separated from the
adjacent living areas by a door, a smoke alarm shall be installed in
the area between the door and the sleeping rooms, and additional
alarms shall be installed on the living area side of the door as
specified by 11.5.1.1 and 11.5.1.3. 
(NEW)

11.5.1.3 In addition to the requirements of 11.5.1.1(1) through
11.5.1.1(3), where the interior floor area for a given level of a
dwelling unit, excluding garage areas, is greater than 93 m^2
(1000 ft^2), smoke alarms shall be installed per 11.5.1.3.1 and
11.5.1.3.2. 
(NEW)

11.5.1.3.1* All points on the ceiling shall have a smoke alarm within
a distance of 9.1 m (30 ft) travel distance or shall have an
equivalent of one smoke alarm per 46.5 m^2 (500 ft^2) of floor area.
One smoke alarm per 46.5 m^2 (500 ft^2) is evaluated by dividing the
total interior square footage of floor area per level by 46.5 m^2
(500 ft^2). 
(NEW)

11.5.1.3.2 Where dwelling units include great rooms or 
vaulted/cathedral ceilings extending over multiple floors, smoke
alarms located on the upper floor that are intended to protect the
aforementioned area shall be permitted to be considered as part of the
lower floor(s) protection scheme used to meet the requirements of
11.5.1.3.1. 
(NEW)

11.5.2 Required Occupant Notification. 
11.5.2.1 Fire warning equipment used to provide required or optional
detection shall produce audible fire alarm signals that comply with
11.5.2.1.1 or 11.5.2.1.2. 
(NEW)

11.5.2.1.1* Smoke and Heat Alarms. Unless exempted by applicable laws,
codes, or standards, smoke or heat alarms used to provide a fire
warning function, and when two or more alarms are installed within a
dwelling unit, suite of rooms, or similar area, shall be arranged so
that the operation of any smoke or heat alarm causes all alarms within
these locations to sound. 
Exception: The arrangement for all alarms to sound shall not be
required for mechanically powered single-station heat alarms. 
(NEW)

11.5.2.1.2 Household Fire Alarm System. Where a household fire alarm
system is used to provide a fire warning function, notification
appliances shall be installed to meet the performance requirements of
7.4.2 and 7.4.4. 
(NEW)

11.5.2.2* Unless otherwise permitted by the authority having
jurisdiction, audible fire alarm signals shall sound only in an
individual dwelling unit, suite of rooms, or similar area and shall
not be arranged to operate fire warning equipment or fire alarm
systems outside these locations.  Remote annunciation shall be
permitted. 
(NEW)

D 11.5 Detection and Notification.
  11.5.1* One- and Two-Family Dwelling Units.
E 11.5.2 Lodging or Rooming Houses.
  11.5.3 New Apartment Buildings.
L 11.5.4 Existing Apartment Buildings.
  11.5.5 New Hotels and Dormitories.
E 11.5.6 Existing Hotels and Dormitories.
  11.5.7 New Day-Care Homes.
T 11.5.8 Existing Day-Care Homes.
  11.5.9 New Residential Board and Care - Small Facility.
E 11.5.10 New Residential Board and Care - Large Facility.
  11.5.11 Existing Residential Board and Care - Small Facility.
D 11.5.12 Existing Residential Board and Care - Large Facility.

11.6 Power Supplies. 
11.6.1 Smoke and Heat Alarms. Smoke and heat alarms shall be powered
by one of the following means: 
(1) A commercial light and power source along with a secondary power
source that is capable of operating the device for at least 24 hours
in the normal condition followed by 4 minutes of alarm. 
(2) If a commercial light and power source is not normally available,
a noncommercial ac power source along with a secondary power source
that is capable of operating the device for at least 7 days in the
normal condition followed by 4 minutes of alarm. 
(3) A nonrechargeable, nonreplaceable primary battery that is capable
of operating the device for at least 10 years in the normal condition
followed by 4 minutes of alarm, followed by 7 days of trouble. 
(4) If a battery primary power supply is specifically permitted, a
battery meeting the requirements of 11.6.6 (nonrechargeable primary
battery) or the requirements of 11.6.7 (rechargeable primary battery)
shall be used. 
(5) A suitable spring-wound mechanism for the nonelectrical portion of
a listed single-station alarm.  A visible indication shall be provided
to show that sufficient operating power is not available. 
(ITEM #5 IS NEW)

11.6.2 Household Fire Alarm Systems. Power for household fire alarm
systems shall comply with the following requirements: 
(1) Household fire alarm systems shall have two independent power
sources consisting of a primary source that uses commercial light and
power and a secondary source that consists of a rechargeable battery. 
(2) The secondary source shall be capable of operating the system for
at least 24 hours in the normal condition followed by 4 minutes of
alarm. 
(3) The secondary power source shall be supervised and shall cause a
distinctive audible and visible trouble signal upon removal or
disconnection of a battery or a low-battery condition. 
(4) A rechargeable battery used as a secondary power source shall meet
the following criteria:   
(a) Be automatically recharged by an ac circuit of the commercial
light and power source  
(b) Be recharged within 48 hours  
(c) Provide a distinctive audible trouble signal before the battery
is incapable of operating the device(s) for alarm purposes 
(ITEMS #3 AND #4 ARE NEW)

11.6.3 AC Primary Power Source. The ac power source shall comply with
the following conditions: 
(1) A visible “power on” indicator shall be provided. 
(2) All electrical systems designed to be installed by other than a
qualified electrician shall be powered from a source not in excess of
30 volts that meets the requirements for power-limited fire alarm
circuits as defined in NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, Article 760. 
(3) A restraining means shall be used at the plug-in of any cord-
connected installation. 
(4) AC primary (main) power shall be supplied either from a dedicated
branch circuit or the unswitched portion of a branch circuit also used
for power and lighting. 
(5) Operation of a switch (other than a circuit breaker) or a ground-
fault circuit-interrupter shall not cause loss of primary (main) power.
Smoke alarms powered by AFCI-protected circuits shall have a secondary
power source. 
(6) Neither loss nor restoration of primary (main) power shall cause
an alarm signal. 
Exception: An alarm signal shall be permitted but shall not exceed 2
seconds. 
(7) Where a secondary (standby) battery is provided, the primary
(main) power supply shall be of sufficient capacity to operate the
system under all conditions of loading with any secondary (standby)
battery disconnected or fully discharged. 
(ITEM #5 - NEW AFCI SECONDARY POWER REQUIREMENT)
(ITEM #5 - WHOLE-HOUSE GFCI EXCEPTION DELETED)

11.6.8 Secondary (Standby) Non-Battery Power Source. Where alarms
include a secondary power source (non-battery), the following
conditions shall be met: 
(1) The secondary power source shall be supervised and shall cause a
distinctive audible or visible trouble signal upon depletion or
failure.  
(2) A distinctive audible trouble signal shall be provided before the
power source is incapable of operating the device(s) for alarm
purposes. 
(3) At a power source condition at which a trouble signal is obtained,
the power source shall be capable of producing an alarm signal for at
least 4 minutes followed by not less than 7 days of trouble signal
operation.  
(4) The audible trouble signal shall be produced at least once every
minute for 7 consecutive days.  
(5) A rechargeable secondary power source shall meet the following
criteria:   
(a) Be automatically recharged  
(b) Be recharged within 4 hours where power is provided from a
circuit that can be switched on or off by means other than a
circuit breaker or within 48 hours where power is provided from a
circuit that cannot be switched on or off by means other than a
circuit breaker 
(NEW)

11.8.2.2* The interconnection of smoke or heat alarms shall comply
with the following: 
(1) Smoke or heat alarms shall not be interconnected in numbers that
exceed the manufacturer’s published instructions. 
(2) In no case shall more than 18 initiating devices be interconnected
(of which 12 can be smoke alarms) where the interconnecting means is
not supervised. 
(3) In no case shall more than 64 initiating devices be interconnected
(of which 42 can be smoke alarms) where the interconnecting means is
supervised. 
(4) Smoke or heat alarms shall not be interconnected with alarms from
other manufacturers unless listed as being compatible with the
specific model. 
(ITEM #4 IS NEW)

11.8.3.5 Specific Location Requirements. The installation of smoke
alarms and smoke detectors shall comply with the following
requirements: 
(1) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors shall not be located where
ambient conditions, including humidity and temperature, are outside
the limits specified by the manufacturer's published instructions. 
(2) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors shall not be located within
unfinished attics or garages or in other spaces where temperatures can
fall below 4°C (40°F) or exceed 38°C (100°F). 
(3) Where the mounting surface could become considerably warmer or
cooler than the room, such as a poorly insulated ceiling below an
unfinished attic or an exterior wall, smoke alarms and smoke detectors
shall be mounted on an inside wall. 
(4) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors installed within a 6.1 m (20 ft)
horizontal path of a cooking appliance shall be equipped with an
alarm-silencing means or be of the photoelectric type. 
(5) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors shall not be installed within a
914 mm (36 in.) horizontal path from a door to a bathroom containing a
shower or tub. 
(6) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors shall not be installed within a
914 mm (36 in.) horizontal path from the supply registers of a forced
air heating or cooling system and shall be installed outside of the
direct airflow from those registers. 
(7) Smoke alarms and smoke detectors shall not be installed within a
914 mm (36 in.) horizontal path from the tip of the blade of a
ceiling-suspended (paddle) fan. 
(8) Where stairs lead to other occupied levels, a smoke alarm or smoke
detector shall be located so that smoke rising in the stairway cannot
be prevented from reaching the smoke alarm or smoke detector by an
intervening door or obstruction. 
(9) For stairways leading up from a basement, smoke alarms or smoke
detectors shall be located on the basement ceiling near the entry to
the stairs. 
(10)* For tray-shaped ceilings (coffered ceiling) smoke alarms and
smoke detectors shall be installed on the highest portion of the
ceiling or on the sloped portion of the ceiling within 305 mm (12 in.)
vertically down from the highest point. 
(ITEM #10 IS NEW)

11.12 Mass Notification Systems. See Annex E. 
(NEW)

====================================================================== 
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======================================================================
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
====================================================================== 

JOB OPPORTUNITY and SEEKING EMPLOYMENT announcements are provided as a
service. ET News provides a venue for direct contact between job
seekers and employers. ET News is not a placement agency and does not
endorse either job seekers or employers.

--

Send your announcement to: mailto:jobs@etnews.org or post your own ad:
http://www.etnews.org/index.php?s=257 

======================================================================
FIRE ALARM CLASS SCHEDULE
======================================================================

------------------   
April 10-12, 2007 Rolling Meadows, IL  
------------------ 
Understanding IBC Fire Alarm Requirements   
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET I & II)  
http://www.afaa.org/pdf/IBC_IntFA_RollingMeadows_Apr2007.pdf

------------------   
April 25, 2007 Missoula, MT  
------------------ 
Understanding IBC Fire Alarm Requirements   
Contact Bruce Hadella for more information:
mailto:bhadella@montana.edu 
(406) 771-4338

------------------   
April 27, 2007 Great Falls, MT  
------------------ 
Understanding IBC Fire Alarm Requirements   
Contact Bruce Hadella for more information:
mailto:bhadella@montana.edu 
(406) 771-4338

------------------   
May 2-3, 2007 Orlando, FL  
------------------ 
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET I & II) 
http://www.afaa.org/pdf/IntFA_LakeMary_May2007.pdf

------------------   
May 22-23, 2007 Denver, CO  
------------------ 
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET I & II) 
Including NFPA 72-2002 Denver Amendments
http://www.afaa.org/pdf/IntFA_Denver_May2007.pdf 

------------------   
June 19-21, 2007 Cincinnati, OH  
------------------ 
Understanding IBC Fire Alarm Requirements  
Fire Alarm Plan Review 
Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems 
http://www.afaa.org/pdf/IBC_PR_TI_Cincinnati_Jun2006.pdf 
 
======================================================================
COMMENTS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
======================================================================

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This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of 
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standard in its entirety. 
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Some information may be found within this web site that is reprinted with permission from one or more of the following: NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®,NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm Code®, & NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®, Copyright© NFPA, Quincy, MA 02269.

This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.