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November 23, 2003

                             ET NEWS 
================================================================
        NEWS AND INFORMATION FOR ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS
----------------------------------------------------------------
Issue No. 126         http://www.etnews.org           11-23-2003
================================================================

Contents
--------
- News
- ET Journal
- NICET Test Dates
- AFAA Class Schedule
- Comments & Acknowledgements

================================================================
NEWS 
================================================================

The proposals deadline for NFPA 730 GUIDE FOR PREMISES SECURITY
and NFPA 731 STANDARD FOR THE INSTALLATION OF ELECTRONIC PREMISES
SECURITY, are due by January 5, 2005. View the draft of these
proposed documents here: http://www.nfpa.org/Codes/Drafts.asp and
then submit your proposed changes using this form:
http://www.nfpa.org/PDF/DocProp.pdf?src=nfpa (200 kB) 

----------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
December 2-4, 2003 Phoenix, AZ - Co-sponsored by AZ AFAA
------------------
*NEW* -> Plan Review Seminar <- *NEW* 
*NEW* -> Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET III/IV)  <- *NEW* 
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/PR_ADV_Phoenix_Dec2003.pdf

----------------------------------------------------------------

MONDAY, November 17, attending were all Selectmen and Town ... 
The Monument Newspaper, ME
-- Fire Alarm ordinance: After reviewing the ninth draft of the
Fire Alarm ordinance, Selectmen voted 5-0 to accept the latest
draft with minor changes ...
http://www.monumentnews.com/2003/news/1120/1120c.shtml

----------------------------------------------------------------

FALSE alarm incidents on the rise
The Ithacan
And as each fire alarm costs local taxpayers between $250 and
$500, according to Ithaca Fire Department estimates, the total
costs for the year could reach ...
http://www.ithaca.edu/ithacan/articles/0311/20/news/8false_alarm
_.htm

----------------------------------------------------------------

SPRINKLER systems discussed at LHS
Pioneer Press Online, IL
... Some in the community think students are at risk with the
present fire alarm system. "Not so," said Kleinheinz Tuesday.
"Libertyville ...
http://www.pioneerlocal.com/cgi-bin/ppo-story/localnews/current/
li/11-20-03-164450.html>

----------------------------------------------------------------

FIRE alarm system back in working order
Capital News 9, NY
After two years, the fire alarm system in the Amsterdam City
Hall is back in service. It turns out a missing battery is to
blame. ...
http://www.capitalnews9.com/content/your_news/default.asp?ArID=4
8177

----------------------------------------------------------------

FIRE alarm clears out downtown businesses
St. Cloud Times, MN
Workers and customers in the downtown Centre Square building
were evacuated briefly Monday afternoon when smoke set off a
fire alarm. ...
http://miva.sctimes.com/miva/cgi-bin/miva?CMN/Local/read.mv+2003
1118035853+15+

----------------------------------------------------------------

MINIMAL structural damage, says report
Ironwood Daily Globe, MI
... About 95 percent of what's out there is wrong," he said. A
rumor has been circulating about the fire alarm system. There is
no ...
http://www.ironwooddailyglobe.com/1118fire.htm

----------------------------------------------------------------

POLICE Beat
OSU Daily Barometer, OR
... near Apperson Hall. 2:57 am, Sunday, Nov. 16 -- Police
responded to a fire alarm at Halsell Hall. Burnt material was
found in a stairwell.
...
http://barometer.orst.edu/vnews/display.v/ART/2003/11/17/3fb8f29
8a43d9

----------------------------------------------------------------

Job Opportunities
-----------------

Seattle - Senior Electrical Project Engineer with experience in
high-end residential projects.  The ideal candidate will possess
more residential than commercial experience, a 4 yr college
degree and strong leadership skills.
Contact:
Shelly Houston
Executive Recruiter
Susan Schoos & Associates, Inc.
Coaching & Executive Recruiting
Ph:  206.789.0555
Fx:  206.523.4171
Seattle, WA
www.susanschoos.com

--
 
Washington State - Long term position for a NICET 3 in fire
alarm systems.
Contact:
Dick Meester
mailto:dickm@americanfiretech.com
American Fire Technologies
Hanford WTP/RPP Project
2435 Stevens Center Place
MS4-D2MPF-D248 
Richland, Wa. 99352-1874
509-371-3776
Fax 509-371-3508

--

Prudhoe Bay - Fire & Gas Technician (Maintenance)
http://www.etnews.org/docs/Fire_Gas_Tech.pdf
Fax Resume to:
907-762-1040
Attention:
Gordon Collier
Recruiting Manager

----------------------------------------------------------------

I'll see you in Happyrock this week.

I hope you all have a Happy Thanksgiving.

Mike
mailto:mbbaker@etnews.org

================================================================
ET JOURNAL 
================================================================

WHAT'S NEW IN NFPA 72-2002? Part II
-----------------------------------

To reiterate Part I, I'll outline each 2-digit article (6.1,
6.2, 7.1, 7.2, etc.) for each chapter and include what I think
are important changes. If I leave the article blank then I feel
that there is no change or that the change is made to clarify
existing requirements or that exception language has morphed into
enforceable language. CAPS ARE MY COMMENTS.

Chapter 6 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems
FORMERLY CHAPTER 3

6.1 Application

6.2 General

THE 1999 REQUIREMENT TO USE SOFTWARE AND FIRMWARE LISTED FOR USE
WITH THE CONTROL UNIT IS REMOVED. AHJ'S BE ON GUARD.

6.3 Required Features

6.4 System Performance and Integrity

6.4.2.2.2*  All styles of Class A circuits using physical
conductors (e.g., metallic, optical fiber) shall be installed
such that the outgoing and return conductors, exiting from and
returning to the control unit, respectively, are routed
separately. The outgoing and return (redundant) circuit
conductors shall not be run in the same cable assembly (i.e.,
multi-conductor cable), enclosure, or raceway.
Exception:  The outgoing and return (redundant) circuit
conductors shall be permitted to be run in the same cable
assembly, enclosure, or raceway under any of the following
conditions: 
(1) For a distance not to exceed 3 m (10 ft) where the outgoing
and return conductors enter or exit the initiating device,
notification appliance, or control unit enclosures.
(2) Single conduit/raceway drops to individual devices or
appliances.
(3) Single conduit/raceway drops to multiple devices or
appliances installed within a single room not exceeding 92.9 m^2
(1000 ft^2) in area.
THE EXCEPTION ALLOWING 2-HOUR RATED CABLE ASSEMBLY HAS BEEN
REMOVED. A 2-HOUR FIRE RESISTIVE RATING DOES NOT INCLUDE THE
MECHANICAL PROTECTION REQUIRED OF CLASS A PHYSICAL CONDUCTORS.

6.4.3.3  Results of the evaluation required by  6.4.3.1 shall be
included with the documentation required by 4.5.1.1.
THE DESIGNER MUST NOW DOCUMENT THEIR CHOICE OF FAULT TOLERANCE IN
THE RECORD OF COMPLETION.

6.5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDC)

6.6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLC)

6.6.2  Where digital communications are used, inability to send
or receive digital signals over a signaling line circuit shall be
indicated by a trouble signal.
THIS NEW REQUIREMENT ADDRESSES DIGITAL COMMUNICATION OVER
SIGNALING LINE CIRCUITS.

6.7 Performance of Notification Appliance Circuits (NAC)

6.8 System Requirements
6.8.2.3  The method of interconnection of control units shall
meet the monitoring requirements of  4.4.7 and  NFPA 70, National
Electrical Code, Article 760, and shall be achieved by the
following recognized means: 
(1) Electrical contacts listed for the connected load
(2) Data communications over signaling line circuit(s) dedicated
to the fire alarm or shared with other premises operating systems
(3) Other listed methods
ITEM #2 PERMITS SIGNALING LINE CIRCUITS TO BE SHARED BY OTHER NON
FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS.
 
6.8.2.4  Where the signaling line circuit is shared by other
premises operating systems, operation shall be in accordance with
6.8.4.

6.8.2.4.1  All signal control and transport equipment (such as
routers, servers) located in a critical fire alarm or fire safety
function signaling path shall be listed for fire alarm service
unless the following conditions are met: 
(1) The equipment meets the performance requirements of  4.4.4.1.
(2) The equipment is provided with primary and secondary power
and monitored for integrity as required in Section  4.4.
(3) All programming and configuration assure a fire alarm system
actuation time as required in  6.8.1.1.
(4) System bandwidth is monitored to confirm that all
communications between equipment that is critical to the
operation of the fire alarm system or fire safety functions takes
place within 10 seconds; failure shall be indicated within 200
seconds.
(5) Failure of any equipment that is critical to the operation of
the fire alarm system or fire safety functions is indicated at
the master fire alarm control unit within 200 seconds.
ALTERNATIVE METHODS THAT ALLOW FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS AND ITS WIRING
TO BE USED AS PART OF A NON FIRE ALARM SYSTEM.

6.8.2.4.2  A listed barrier gateway, integral with or attached to
each control unit or group of control units, as appropriate,
shall be provided to prevent the other systems from interfering
with or controlling the fire alarm system.
TO ENSURE NON FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS DO NOT INTERFERE
WITH FIRE ALARM SYSTEM OPERATION.

6.8.2.5  Each interconnected control unit shall be separately
monitored for alarm, supervisory, and trouble conditions.

6.8.3 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems Interconnected with
Dwelling Unit Fire Warning Equipment.
6.8.3.1  A protected premises fire alarm system shall be
permitted to be interconnected to household fire alarm system(s)
for the purpose of activating the notification appliances
connected to the household fire alarm system(s).
6.8.3.2  The status of dwelling unit smoke alarms shall be
permitted to be displayed at the protected premises control unit
and annunciators.
LESS RIGID LANGUAGE CONCERNING MONITORING SMOKE ALARMS
INTERCONNECTED WITH PROTECTED PREMISES SYSTEMS.

REMOVED THE REQUIREMENT THAT SUPERVISORY SIGNAL-INITIATING
DEVICES BE INSTALLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH CHAPTER 5, INITIATING
DEVICES.

6.8.5.7.5  Where approved by the authority having jurisdiction,
supervisory signals that latch in the off-normal state and
require manual reset of the system to restore them to normal
shall be permitted.
PERMITS LATCHING SUPERVISORY SIGNAL-INITIATING DEVICES.

6.8.6.3 Circuits for Addressable Notification Appliances.
6.8.6.3.1  Circuit configuration for addressable notification
appliances shall comply with the applicable performance
requirements for notification zones.
6.8.6.3.2  In protected premises with more than one notification
zone, a single open, short-circuit, or ground on the system
installation conductors shall not affect operation of more than
one notification zone.
6.8.6.3.3  Riser conductors installed in accordance with  6.9.4.3
that are monitored for integrity shall not be required to operate
in accordance with  6.8.6.3.2.
A NEW ARTICLE TO ACCOMMODATE ADDRESSABLE NOTIFICATION APPLIANCES.

6.8.6.4.1*  To meet the requirements of  4.4.3.6, the fire alarm
signal used to notify building occupants of the need to evacuate
(leave the building) shall be in accordance with ANSI S3.41,
American National Standard Audible Evacuation Signal.
Exception:  Where approved by the authority having jurisdiction,
use of the existing consistent evacuation signaling scheme shall
be permitted.
THE EXCEPTION ALLOWS AHJ'S TO APPROVE ALTERNATIVES TO ANSI S3.41.

6.9.4.3  All circuits necessary for the operation of the
notification appliances shall be protected until they enter the
evacuation signaling zone that they serve. Any of the following
methods shall be considered acceptable as meeting the
requirements of this subsection: 
(1) A 2-hour rated cable or cable system
(2) A 2-hour rated enclosure
(3)* Performance alternatives approved by authority having
jurisdiction
ITEM #3, LANGUAGE ALLOWING THE USE OF CERTAIN STAIRWELLS HAS
BEEN REPLACED.

6.9.4.6  Where the fire command center control equipment is
remote from the central control equipment, the interconnecting
wiring shall be installed with resistance to attack from a fire
using one of the following methods: 
(1) A 2-hour rated cable or cable system
(2) Routing the cable through a 2-hour rated enclosure
(3) Performance alternatives approved by the authority having
jurisdiction 
Exception:  Buildings protected by an automatic sprinkler system
installed per  NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of
Sprinkler Systems, and the interconnecting cables between the
fire command center and the control equipment are installed in
metal raceways.
ITEM #3, LANGUAGE ALLOWING THE USE OF CERTAIN STAIRWELLS HAS BEEN
REPLACED. THE EXCEPTION IS NEW CONCERNING RELAXED REQUIREMENTS IN
SPRINKLERED BUILDINGS. 

6.9 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications
6.9.5.3  In response to an initiating signal indicative of a
fire emergency, the system shall transmit the following either
immediately or after a delay approved by the authority having
jurisdiction:  
(1) Where the emergency voice/alarm communications service is
used to transmit a voice evacuation message, the voice message
shall be preceded and followed by a minimum of two cycles of the
audible emergency evacuation signal specified in  6.8.6.4.
(2) Where the emergency voice/alarm communications service is
used to transmit relocation instructions or other nonevacuation
messages, a continuous alert tone of 6-second to 10-second
duration followed by a message (or messages where multichannel
capability is provided) shall be automatic and repeated at least
three times to direct the occupants of the alarm signal
initiation zone and other zones in accordance with the building’s
fire evacuation plan; or
THE 3-10 SECOND ALERT TONE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO 6-10 SECONDS.
Exception No. 1:  If emergency voice/alarm communications are
used to notify all occupants automatically and simultaneously to
evacuate the protected premises during a fire emergency, and the
functional sequence described in  6.9.5.3(1) is provided, the
capability to notify portions of the protected premises
selectively shall not be required, but, if provided, shall meet
the requirements of Section  6.9. 
Exception No. 2:  Voice/alarm signaling systems shall be
permitted to use Positive Alarm Sequence complying with  6.8.1.3
if approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
EXCEPTION NO. 2 ALLOWS AN AHJ TO APPROVE THE USE OF POSITIVE
ALARM SEQUENCE.

6.9.7 Speakers.
6.9.7.1  Speakers and their enclosures shall be installed in
accordance with Chapter  7.
6.9.7.2*  At least two speakers shall be located in each
notification zone of the building.
THE REQUIREMENT TO INSTALL A SPEAKER IN THE ELEVATOR CAR HAS
BEEN DELETED.
6.9.7.3  Where required, each enclosed stairway shall be
equipped with speakers connected to a separate notification zone
for manual selective paging only.
SPEAKERS TO BE INSTALLED IN STAIRWAYS ONLY WHERE REQUIRED.

6.10 Signal Annunciation

6.11 Suppression System Actuation
6.11.4  Fire alarm systems used for fire suppression releasing
service shall be provided with a disconnect switch to allow the
system to be tested without actuating the fire suppression
systems. Operation of a disconnect switch or a disable function
shall cause a supervisory signal at the fire alarm control unit.
NEW ARTICLE REQUIRING A DISCONNECT SWITCH TO PREVENT INADVERTENT
DISCHARGE OF SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS.

6.12 Off-Premises Signals

6.13 Guard's Tour Supervisory Service

6.14 Suppressed (Exception Reporting) Signal System

6.15 Protected Premises Fire Safety Functions
6.15.2.1  Fire safety functions shall be permitted to be
performed automatically. The performance of automatic fire safety
functions shall not interfere with power for lighting or for
operating elevators. The performance of automatic fire safety
control functions shall not preclude the combination of fire
alarm services with other services requiring monitoring of
operations.
DOES THIS PREVENT THE INSTALLATION OF ELEVATOR SHUTDOWN?

6.15.4.5  The initiating devices described in  6.15.4.2 and
6.15.4.3 shall be monitored for integrity by the control unit
required in  6.15.3.1 and  6.15.3.2.
HEAT DETECTORS, SMOKE DETECTORS, AND WATERFLOW SWITCHES USED TO
MEET ANSI A17.1.

6.15.5.5  Where interconnected as a combination system, a
Firefighter’s Smoke Control Station (FSCS) shall be provided to
perform manual control over the automatic operation of the
system’s smoke control strategy.
6.15.5.6  Where interconnected as a combination system, the smoke
control system programming shall be designed such that normal
HVAC operation or changes do not prevent the intended performance
of the smoke control strategy.
A NEW ARTICLE REQUIRING A FSCS.

6.16 Special Requirements for Low-Power Radio (Wireless) Systems

Chapter 7 Notification Appliances for Fire Alarm Systems
FORMERLY CHAPTER 4

7.1 Application

7.2 Purpose

7.3 General

7.4 Audible Characteristics

DELETED REQUIREMENT FOR VISIBLE APPLIANCE IN MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT
ROOMS.

DELETED 75dBA MINUMUM 120dBA MAXIMUM EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENT.

7.4.2.2  Where approved by the authority having jurisdiction or
other governing codes or standards, the requirements for audible
signaling shall be permitted to be reduced or eliminated when
visible signaling is provided in accordance with Section  7.5.
NEW ARTICLE ALLOWING THE AHJ TO PERMIT THE REDUCTION OR
ELIMINATION OF AUDIBLE DEVICES IN THE PUBLIC MODE.

7.4.3.3*  Where approved by the authority having jurisdiction or
other governing codes or standards, the requirements for audible
signaling shall be permitted to be reduced or eliminated when
visible signaling is provided in accordance with Section  7.5.
NEW ARTICLE ALLOWING THE AHJ TO PERMIT THE REDUCTION OR
ELIMINATION OF AUDIBLE DEVICES IN THE PRIVATE MODE.

7.4.5* Narrow Band Tone Signaling for Exceeding Masked Thresholds.
7.4.5.1 Masked Threshold Allowance. Audible fire alarm tone
signaling shall be permitted to comply with the masked threshold
requirements in this subsection in lieu of the A-weighted
signaling requirements in  7.4.2 and  7.4.3.
NEW ARTICLE ALLOWING AN ALTERNATIVE TO PRESCRIPTIVE REQUIREMENTS.

7.4.6.4  Appliances that are an integral part of a smoke detector,
smoke alarm, or other initiating device shall be located in
accordance with the requirements for that device.
"THAT DEVICE" BEING THE INITIATING DEVICE.

7.5 Visible Characteristics - Public Mode

DELETED THE REQUIREMENT TO LOCATE SUFFICIENT VISIBLE APPLIANCES
TO THAT THE OPERATING EFFECT IS SEEN BY THE INTENDED VIEWER,
WHICH CONFLICTED WITH THE ALLOWANCE FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT
METHODS OF VISIBLE NOTIFICATION.

Table 7.5.4.1.1(a) Room Spacing for Wall-Mounted Visible
Appliances
ADDED MORE ROOM SIZES. THERE APPEARS TO BE AN ERROR FOR THE 50'
X 50' ROOM. I ASSUME 6 SHOULD READ 60.

7.5.4.1.2  Visible notification appliances shall be installed in
accordance with  Table 7.5.4.1.1(a), using one of the following:  
(1) 	A single visible notification appliance
(2) 	Two visible notification appliances located on opposite
walls
(3)* 	More than two visible notification appliances in the same
room or adjacent space within the field of view that flash in
synchronization
REMOVED THE OPTION OF HAVING MORE THAN TWO APPLIANCES IN ROOMS
80' X 80' OR LARGER ...

7.5.4.2* Spacing in Corridors.
REMOVED THE TABLE FOR CORRIDOR SPACING.

7.5.4.2.4  The installation of visible notification appliances
in corridors 6.1 m (20 ft) or less in width shall be in
accordance with the requirements of either 7.5.4.1 or 7.5.4.2.
ALLOWANCE IS MADE FOR VISIBLE APPLIANCES REQUIRED IN CORRIDORS
TO COMPLY WITH CORRIDOR SPACING REQUIREMENTS OR ROOM SPACING
REQUIREMENTS.

7.5.4.3* Performance-Based Alternative.
7.5.4.3.1  Any design that provides a minimum of 0.4036 lumens/m^2
(0.0375 lumens/ft^2) of illumination at any point within the
covered area as calculated for the maximum distance from the
nearest visual notification appliance to any point within the
covered area shall be permitted in lieu of the requirements of
7.5.4 excluding  7.5.4.4.
ALTERNATIVE METHOD.

DELETED THE REQUIREMENT TO INSTALL AT LEAST ONE VISIBLE APPLIANCE
IN SLEEPING ROOMS REQUIRING VISIBLE APPLIANCES.

7.6 Visible Characteristics - Private Mode

7.7 Supplementary Visible Signaling Method

7.8 Textual Audible Appliances

7.9 Textual Visible Appliances

7.10 Standard Fire Service Interface

Chapter 8 Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
FORMERLY CHAPTER 5

8.1 Application
8.2.4 Certificated or Placarded. The prime contractor shall
conspicuously indicate that the fire alarm system providing
service at a protected premises complies with all the
requirements of this Code by providing a means of third-party
verification, as specified in  8.2.4.1 or  8.2.4.2.
MOVED FROM NFPA 72-1999 CHAPTER 1.

8.2 Fire Alarm Systems for Central Station Service
8.2.7.1.2  The central station shall perform the following
actions: 
(2) Dispatch a runner or technician to the protected premises
to arrive within 2 hours after receipt of a signal if equipment
needs to be manually reset by the prime contractor
RUNNER DISPATCH TIME INCREASED FROM 1 HOUR TO 2 HOURS.

8.2.7.3* Supervisory Signals. Upon receipt of a supervisory
signal from a sprinkler system, other fire suppression system(s),
or other equipment, the central station shall perform the
following actions: 
(2) Dispatch a runner or maintenance person to arrive within 2
hours to investigate
RUNNER DISPATCH TIME INCREASED FROM 1 HOUR TO 2 HOURS.

8.3 Proprietary Supervising Station Systems

8.4 Remote Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems

8.5 Communications Methods for Supervising Station Fire Alarm
Systems
8.5.3.3.4*  Unless accepted by the authority having jurisdiction,
McCulloh systems shall not be permitted to be installed after
June 30, 2003.
PROHIBITS THE INSTALLATION OF MCCULLOH SYSTEMS.

8.5.4.5 Spare System Unit Equipment. An inventory of spare
equipment shall be maintained at the supervising station such
that any failed piece of equipment can be replaced and the
systems unit restored to full operation within the time
limitations specified in this Code.
REPLACES REQUIREMENTS THAT SUPERVISING STATIONS HAVE ON HAND ONE
SPARE RECEIVER FOR EVERY 5 RECEIVERS IN SERVICE.

Chapter 9 Public Fire Alarm Reporting Systems
FORMERLY CHAPTER 6

9.1 Application

9.2 General Fundamentals

9.3 Management and Maintenance

9.4 Alarm Transmission Equipment (Auxiliary Boxes, Master Boxes,
and Street Boxes)

9.5 Alarm Receiving Equipment at Public Fire Service
Communications Center

9.6 Remote Receiving Equipment - Facilities for Receipt of Box
Alarms at Remote Communications Center

9.7 Public Cable Plant

Chapter 10 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
FORMERLY CHAPTER 7

10.1 Application
10.1.2  The inspection, testing, and maintenance of single- and
multiple-station smoke and heat alarms and household fire alarm
systems shall comply with the requirements of this chapter.
INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS OF ONE- AND
TWO-FAMILY DWELLING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT MOVES INTO THIS
CHAPTER.

10.2 General

10.3 Inspection

10.4 Testing
Table 10.4.2.2 Test Methods
11. Conductors — Metallic
(e) Supervision
Introduction of a fault in any circuit monitored for integrity
shall result in a trouble indication at the control unit. One
connection shall be opened at not less than 10 percent of the
initiating devices, notification appliances and controlled
devices on every initiating device circuit, notification
appliance circuit, and signaling line circuit.
NEW REQUIREMENT

Table 10.4.3  Testing Frequencies
5. Batteries — Central Station Facilities and Fire Alarm Systems
(c) Sealed lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery within 5 years after manufacture
or more frequently as needed.)
CHANGES FROM 4 YEARS TO 5 YEARS AFTER THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE.

10.4.4 Single- and Multiple-Station Smoke Alarms. Homeowners
shall inspect and test smoke alarms and all connected appliances
in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions at least
monthly.
10.4.5 Household Fire Alarm Systems.
10.4.5.1 Testing. Household fire alarm systems shall be tested by
a qualified service technician at least every 3 years according
to the methods of  Table 10.4.2.2.
10.4.5.2 Maintenance. Maintenance of household fire alarm systems
shall be conducted according to manufacturer’s instructions.
10.4.6 Replacement of Smoke Alarms in One- and Two-Family
Dwellings. Unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer,
single- and multiple-station smoke alarms installed in one- and
two-family dwellings shall be replaced when they fail to respond
to operability tests, but shall not remain in service longer than
10 years from the date of manufacture.
10.4.7 Battery Replacement.  Where batteries are used as a source
of energy, they shall be replaced in accordance with the
recommendations of the alarm equipment manufacturer.
CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS.

10.5 Maintenance

10.6 Records

Chapter 11 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire
Alarm Systems
FORMERLY CHAPTER 8

11.1 Application

11.2 Purpose

11.3 Basic Requirements

11.4 Assumptions

11.5 Detection and Notification
11.5 Detection and Notification.
The use of fire alarm system detectors shall be permitted to meet
the detection requirements specified in  11.5.1 through  11.5.12
in terms of smoke and heat alarms.
A FIRE ALARM SYSTEM IS PERMITTED IN LIEU OF SMOKE ALARMS

11.6 Power Supplies

11.7 Equipment Performance
11.6.6 Primary Power Source (Nonrechargeable Battery). If smoke
alarms are powered by a primary battery, the battery shall be
monitored to ensure the following conditions are met: 
(1) All power requirements are met for at least 1 year of
battery life, including weekly testing.
(2) A distinctive audible trouble signal before the battery is
incapable of operating (from causes such as aging or terminal
corrosion) the device(s) for alarm purposes.
(3) For a unit employing a lock-in alarm feature, automatic
transfer is provided from alarm to a trouble condition.
(4) At the battery voltage at which a trouble signal is obtained,
 the unit is capable of producing an alarm signal for at least 4
 minutes followed by not less than 7 days of trouble signal
 operation.
(5) The audible trouble signal is produced at least once every
minute for 7 consecutive days.
(6) Acceptable replacement batteries are clearly identified by
the manufacturer’s name and model number on the unit near the
battery compartment.
(7) A noticeable, visible indication is displayed when a primary
battery is removed from the unit.
TO ENSURE THE OCCUPANT IS NOTIFIED OF A LOW BATTERY CONDITION.
EXPANDS UPON THE RESTRICTIVE LANGUAGE OF 1999.

11.8 Installation

11.9 Optional Functions

11.10 Maintenance and Tests

11.11 Markings and Instructions


================================================================
NICET TEST DATES 
================================================================

OREGON
------

OR1 PCC Sylvania, Portland;
Test 11/15/03. Postmark deadline 9/27/03.
Test ??/??/04. Postmark deadline 12/1/03.

OR2 Clackamas Community College, Oregon City;
Test 11/15/03. Postmark deadline 9/27/03.
Test ??/??/04. Postmark deadline 12/1/03.

To view the entire list of test centers visit
http://63.70.211.210/cfdocs/nicetschedule1.cfm

================================================================
AFAA CLASS SCHEDULE 
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December 2-4, 2003 Phoenix, AZ - Co-sponsored by AZ AFAA
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*NEW* -> Plan Review Seminar <- *NEW* 
*NEW* -> Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET III/IV)  <- *NEW* 
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/PR_ADV_Phoenix_Dec2003.pdf

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December 9-11, 2003 San Antonio, TX - Co-sponsored by TX AFAA
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Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar 
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/IntFA_SanAntonio_Dec2003.pdf

------------------
December 17, 2003 Seattle, WA
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Plan Review Seminar 
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/PR_Seattle_Dec2003.pdf

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January 13-15, 2004 Houston, TX - Co-sponsored by TX AFAA
------------------
*NEW* -> Plan Review Seminar <- *NEW* 
*NEW* -> Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET III/IV)  <- *NEW* 
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/PR_ADV_Houston_Jan2004.pdf

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January 20-22, 2004 Albuquerque, NM - Co-sponsored by NM AFAA
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*NEW* -> Plan Review Seminar <- *NEW* 
*NEW* -> Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET I/II)  <- *NEW* 
More information is forthcoming

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January 27-29, 2004 Portland, OR - Co-sponsored by OAFAA
------------------
*NEW* -> Plan Review Seminar <- *NEW* 
*NEW* -> Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar (NICET III/IV)  <- *NEW* 
More information is forthcoming

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COMMENTS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 
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Engineering Technician info http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos112.htm

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The NICET acronym found herein refers to http://www.nicet.org 
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR CERTIFICATION IN ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES

The AFAA acronym found herein refers to http://www.afaa.org 
AUTOMATIC FIRE ALARM ASSOCIATION "celebrating 50 years!"
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Some information may be found within this web site that is reprinted with permission from one or more of the following: NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®,NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm Code®, & NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®, Copyright© NFPA, Quincy, MA 02269.

This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.