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September 22, 2002

                           FPET NEWS
================================================================
    A NEWSLETTER FOR FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS
----------------------------------------------------------------
Issue No. 65                                           9-22-2002
================================================================

Contents
--------
- News
- QOTW
- FPET Journal
- NICET Test Dates
- AFAA Class Schedule
- Comments and Contacts

================================================================
NEWS
================================================================

Once again I was on the road and without email access all last
week, during which time someone sent me an email message with a
9 Mb attachment. My email quota is 10 Mb so you can probably
figure out what happened next. Once my email box contained
10.01 Mb, email messages sent to me were rudely bounced back to
their sender. If this happened to you, I apologize for the
inconvenience. Please accept my apology and try again.

I *should* now have the ability to establish email access while
I'm traveling such that my recent problems won't happen again.
In the immortal words of Alexander Pope, "Hope springs eternal..."

The AFAA is scheduling an Advanced Fire Alarm class in Seattle
for early December. More information including a link to the
registration form will appear here when it becomes available.

================================================================
QUOTE OF THE WEEK
================================================================



================================================================
FPET JOURNAL
================================================================

NICET Fire Alarm Systems Level II
33021 MANUAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS AND GUARD'S TOUR SERVICE
--------------------------------------------------------

33021 is a Level II General Non-Core Work element.

33021 DESCRIPTION
Understand a manual fire alarm system, including location,
mounting, and distribution of manual fire alarm boxes, and use
and operation of combination manual fire alarm and guard's tour
stations. Understand special requirements for guard's tour
supervisory service. Lay out a combination manual fire alarm and
guard's tour system based on code requirements. Know the
operating principles of noncoded, coded, breakglass,
nonbreakglass, pre-signal, general alarm, single action, and
double action fire alarm stations, and the type of system in
which each would be used. (NFPA 72, Basic/National Building Code,
Standard Building Code, International Building Code)

33021 REFERENCES:
NFPA 72
http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category%5Fname=&pid=7299

Basic/National Building Code
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/9999635911/thebakergroup/
104-3030399-7443121

Standard Building Code
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/9991668276/thebakergroup/
104-3030399-7443121

International Building Code
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1892395266/thebakergroup/
104-3030399-7443121

33021 DESCRIPTION BREAKDOWN:
"Understand a manual fire alarm system, including location, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Manual Fire Alarm Box. A manually operated
device to initiate an alarm signal.

NFPA 72-1999 2-8 Manual fire alarm boxes will be used only for
fire alarm-initiating purposes. However, combination manual fire
alarm boxes and guard’s signaling stations are permitted.

NFPA 72-1999 2-8.2.2 Manual fire alarm boxes will be located
within 5 feet of the exit doorway opening at each exit on each
floor.

NFPA 72-1999 2-8.2.3 Manual fire alarm boxes will be mounted on
both sides of group openings over 40 feet in width. Manual fire
alarm boxes will be mounted within 5 feet of each side of the
opening.


"... mounting, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 2-8.1 Each manual fire alarm box will be securely
mounted. The operable part of each manual pull box will not be
less than 3 ½ feet and not more than 4 1/2 feet above
floor level.


"... and distribution of manual fire alarm boxes, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 2-8.2.1 Manual fire alarm boxes will be distributed
throughout the protected area so that they are unobstructed and
accessible.

NFPA 72-1999 2-8.2.4 Additional manual fire alarm boxes will be
provided so that travel distance to the nearest fire alarm box
will not be in excess of 200 feet measured horizontally on the
same floor.


"... and use and operation of combination manual fire alarm and
guard's tour stations."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Combination Fire Alarm and Guard's Tour
Box. A manually operated box for separately transmitting a fire
alarm signal and a distinctive guard patrol tour supervisory
signal.


"... Understand special requirements for guard's tour
supervisory service."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Guard's Tour Reporting Station. A device
that is manually or automatically initiated to indicate the
route being followed and the timing of a guard's tour.

NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Guard's Tour Supervisory Signal. A
supervisory signal monitoring the performance of guard patrols.

NFPA 72-1999 3-8.5 HANDBOOK Guard's Tour Supervisory
Service. Guard's tour supervisory service is used to provide
fire protection surveillance during the hours when occupants are
not in a building; to facilitate and control the movement of
person into, out of, and within a building; and to carry out
procedures for the orderly conduct of specific operations in a
building or on the surrounding property.
Guard's tour supervisory services designed to continually
report the performance of a guard are often found in connection
with protected premises fire alarm systems utilizing off-premises
reporting through central or proprietary supervising stations.

NFPA 72-1999 3-8.5.3 A permanent record indicating every time
each signal-transmitting station is operated will be made at the
main control unit. Where intermediate stations that do not
transmit a signal are employed in conjunction with
signal-transmitting stations, distinctive signals will be
transmitted at the beginning and end of each tour of a guard,
and a signal-transmitting station will be provided at intervals
not exceeding 10 stations. Intermediate stations that do not
transmit a signal will be capable of operation only in a fixed
sequence.

NFPA 72-1999 5-2.6.1.2.1 Upon failure to receive a guard's tour
supervisory signal within a 15-minute maximum grace period, the
central station will perform the following actions:
(a) Communicate without unreasonable delay with personnel at the
protected premises
(b) Dispatch a runner to the protected premises to arrive within
30 minutes of the delinquency if communications cannot be
established.


"Lay out a combination manual fire alarm and guard's tour system
based on code requirements."
NFPA 72-1999 3-8.5.2 The number of guard's tour reporting
stations, their locations, and the route to be followed by the
guard for operating the stations are to be approved for the
particular installation in accordance with NFPA 601, Standard for
Security Services in Fire Loss Prevention


"Know the operating principles of noncoded, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Noncoded Signal. An audible or visible signal
conveying one discrete bit of information.

FASS-94 Box (or Station) Fire Alarm (Noncoded). A manually
operated device which, when operated, closes or opens one or
more sets of contacts and generally locks the contacts in the
operated position until the box is reset. 


"... coded, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Coded. An audible or visible signal that conveys
several discrete bits or units of information. Notification
signal examples are numbered strokes of an impact-type appliance
and numbered flashes of a visible appliance.

NFPA 72-1999 2-8.3 A coded manual fire alarm box will produce at
least three repetitions of the coded signal, with each repetition
to consist of at least three impulses.

NFPA 72-1999 A-2-8.3 Recommended coded signal designations for
buildings that have four floors and multiple basements are
provided in Table A-2-8.3.

Table A-2-8.3 Recommended Coded Signal Designations
Location                    Coded Signal
--------                    ------------
Fourth Floor                     2-4
Third Floor                      2-3
Second Floor                     2-2
First Floor                      2-1
Basement                         3-1
Sub-basement                     3-2

FASS-94 Box (or Station) Fire Alarm (Coded). A manually operated
device in which the act of pulling a lever causes the
transmission of not less than three rounds of coded alarm
signals. Similar to the noncoded type, except that instead of a
manually operated switch, a mechanism to rotate a code wheel is
utilized. Rotation of the code wheel, in turn, causes an
electrical circuit to be alternately opened and closed, or closed
and opened, thus sounding a coded alarm that identifies the
location of the box. The code wheel is cut for the individual
code to be transmitted by the device and can operate by clockwork
or by an electric motor. Clockwork transmitters can be prewound
or can be wound by the pulling of the alarm lever. Usually the
box is designed to repeat its code four times and automatically
come to rest. Prewound transmitters must sound a trouble signal
when they require rewinding. Solid state electronic coding
devices are also used in conjunction with the fire alarm control
unit to produce coded sounding of the audible signaling appliances.


"... breakglass, ..."
FASS-94 Box, Breakglass Fire Alarm. A fire alarm box in which it
is necessary to break a special glass or fiber element in order
to operate the box. The special element must be replaced once the
box is actuated.


"... nonbreakglass, ..."
Box, Non-breakglass Fire Alarm. A fire alarm box, which is held
in its normal state by a spring or other mechanical device. Once
the box is actuated, it must be manually reset with a key or
special tool.


"... pre-signal, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-5.4.10 Presignal Feature. Where permitted by the
authority having jurisdiction, systems are permitted to have a
feature that allows initial fire alarm signals to sound only in
department offices, control rooms, fire brigade stations, or
other constantly attended central locations and for which human
action is subsequently required to activate a general alarm, or
a feature that allows the control equipment to delay the general
alarm by more than 1 minute after the start of the alarm
processing. If there is a connection to a remote location, the
transmission of the alarm signal to the supervising station will
activate upon the initial alarm signal.

NFPA 72-1999 A-1-5.4.10 A system provided with an alarm
verification feature as permitted by 3-8.3.2.3.1 is not
considered a presignal system, since the delay in the signal
produced is 60 seconds or less and requires no human
intervention.

FASS-94 Presignal stations initially cause alarm signals to
sound only in specific areas. Actuation of a key switch on the
station or the control panel will cause an evacuation signal to
sound.


"... general alarm, ..."
FASS-94 A general alarm station is the most common manual alarm
system. When actuated, a general alarm station causes evacuation
signals to sound immediately.

"... single action, ..."
FASS-94 A single-action station requires only one action by the
user to initiate an alarm. The required action is usually
breaking a glass element or actuating a lever or other moveable
part of the station.


"... and double action fire alarm stations, ..."
FASS-94 A double-action station initiates an alarm as a result
of two actions taken by the user. Typically the user must break
a glass, open a door, or lift a cover to gain access to a switch
or lever that must then be operated as the second action to
initiate an alarm.


"... and the type of system in which each would be used."


THE INFORMATION HEREIN IS PROVIDED AS A GUIDE ONLY AND IS
INTENDED TO ASSIST YOU IN PREPARING FOR AN EXAM. IT IS NOT
INTENDED TO BE INCLUSIVE OF ALL INFORMATION THAT MAY BE ON AN
EXAM BUT RATHER IT IS INTENDED TO BE A SMALL SAMPLE OF THE KIND
OF MATERIAL THAT YOU MAY BE EXPECTED TO KNOW.

================================================================
NICET TEST DATES
================================================================

OREGON
------
PCC Sylvania, Portland;
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

Clackamas Community College, Oregon City;
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

WASHINGTON
----------
Bates Technical College, Tacoma;
Test 12/14/02. Postmark deadline 10/26/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

Walla Walla Community College;
Test 10/19/02. Postmark deadline 8/31/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

Spokane Community College;
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

For a complete list of all test centers and test dates,
visit http://63.70.211.210/cfdocs/nicetschedule.cfm

================================================================
AFAA CLASS SCHEDULE 
================================================================

---------------------
September 26, 2002 Cincinnati, OH
---------------------
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/24-25
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Cincinnati_Sept2002.pdf
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 9/26
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Cincinnati_Sept2002.pdf

------------------
September 24-26, 2002 Lafayette, LA - Sponsored by LA AFAA
------------------
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/24-25
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Lafayette2002.pdf
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 9/26
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Lafayette2002.pdf

------------------
October 8-10, 2002 Spokane, WA
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/IntFA_Spokane_Sept2002.pdf

------------------
October 7-10, 2002 Anaheim, CA - Sponsored by CAFAA
------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 10/7
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_TI_Anaheim_Oct2002.pdf
Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar 10/8-10
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_TI_Anaheim_Oct2002.pdf

------------------
October 14-16, 2002 Anchorage, AK
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 10/14-16
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_ANC_Oct2002.pdf

------------------
October 28-30, 2002 Brockton, MA - Sponsored by
AFAA of New England
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 10/28-30
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/IntFA_NE_Oct2002.pdf

------------------
November 4-7, 2002 Anaheim, CA - Sponsored by CAFAA
------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 11/4
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_ANAHEIM_November2002.pdf
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 11/5-7
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_ANAHEIM_November2002.pdf

================================================================
COMMENTS AND CONTACTS
================================================================

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----------------------------------------------------------------
The NICET acronym found herein refers to: http://www.nicet.org
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR CERTIFICATION IN ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES
----------------------------------------------------------------
The AFAA acronym found herein refers to: http://www.afaa.org
THE AUTOMATIC FIRE ALARM ASSOCIATION
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reprinted material is not the complete and official position of
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Alarm Code(r), Life Safety Code(r), and 101(r) are registered
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Quincy, MA 02269. http://www.nfpa.org
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