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August 11, 2002

                           FPET NEWS
================================================================
    A NEWSLETTER FOR FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS
----------------------------------------------------------------
Volume 2 Issue 32                                      8-11-2002
================================================================

Contents
--------
- FPET News
- FPET Journal
- NICET Test Dates
- AFAA Class Schedule
- Comments and Contacts

=================================================================
FPET NEWS
=================================================================

Here are some photos from our most recent trip to Olallie Lake:
http://www.etnews.org/index.php?s=18&tb=index1
[NOTICE: NO CHIMPMUNKS WERE HARMED DURING THIS PRODUCTION]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Mark your calendar and be sure to attend the upcoming AFAA
Advanced Fire
Alarm Seminar to be held in Portland:

----------------------------------------------------------------
August 20-22, 2002 Portland, OR - Co-sponsored by Oregon AFAA
Sheraton Portland Airport Hotel, 8235 NE Airport Way, Portland
----------------------------------------------------------------

This three-day seminar covers NICET Level III/IV certification
training and continuing education requirements; fire alarm system
surveys and design; addressable and multiplex systems; system
reliability; principles of smoke movement in buildings; principles
of combustion; application of automatic fire alarm devices and
Appendix B application; transient protection; power supplies,
supplementary circuits, and much more.

Who Should Attend:
------------------
* Individuals preparing for NICET Level III/IV certification
testing 
* Designers of fire alarm systems 
* Sales and service personnel 

Suggested prerequisite:
-----------------------
Five years of fire alarm experience and either a Professional
Engineer license, NICET Level II certificate, or have previously
attended the AFAA Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar.

Course materials provided:
--------------------------
* NFPA 101(r), Life Safety Code(r), 2000 edition
* Student workbook and handout material 

The attendee needs to bring:
----------------------------
* NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 1999 edition 
* NFPA's Fire Alarm Signaling Systems book 
* Battery powered calculator 
* Pencils, note paper, and highlighter

Registration Form:
------------------
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_Portland_August2002.pdf

See you there!

=================================================================
FPET JOURNAL
=================================================================

NICET Fire Alarm Systems Level II
33016 PROTECTIVE PREMISES FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
--------------------------------------------

33016 is a Level II General Non-Core Work element.

33016 DESCRIPTION
Understand a local fire alarm system, including its purpose,
types of signaling service available, basic requirements, primary
and secondary power supply sources, supervision, signal
appliances, and signal capacity of circuits. (NFPA 72 and 101,
and Fire Alarm Signaling Systems)

33016 REFERENCES:
NFPA 72
http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category%5Fname=&pid=7299

NFPA 101
http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category%5Fname=&pid=10100

Fire Alarm Signaling Systems
http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category%5Fname=&pid=fass94

33016 DESCRIPTION BREAKDOWN:
"Understand a local fire alarm system, including its purpose, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Protected Premises (Local) Fire Alarm System. A
protected premises system that sounds an alarm at the protected
premises as the result of the manual operation of a fire alarm
box or the operation of protection equipment or system, such as
water flowing in a sprinkler system, the discharge of carbon
dioxide, the detection of smoke, or the detection of heat.

FASS-94 Table 2-1 Local Protective Signaling Systems.
[Description] All alarm system operating in the protected
premises, responsive to the operation of a manual fire alarm box,
waterflow in a sprinkler system, or detection of a fire by a
smoke or heat detecting system.
[Comments] The main purpose of this system is to provide an
evacuation alarm for the occupants of the building. Someone must
always be present to transmit the alarm to fire authorities. See
NFPA 72, "National Fire Alarm Code."


"... types of signaling service available, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-5.4.2.1 Coded Alarm Signals. A coded alarm will
consist of not less than three complete rounds of the number
transmitted. Each round will consist of not less than three
impulses.

NFPA 72-1999 3-2.2 Signal Annunciation. Protected premises fire
alarm systems will be arranged to annunciate alarm, supervisory,
and trouble signals in accordance with 1-5.7.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.7.1.1 The primary purpose of fire alarm system
annunciation is to enable responding personnel to quickly and
accurately identify the location of a fire and to indicate the
status of emergency equipment or fire safety functions that might
affect the safety of occupants. Required annunciation means will
be readily accessible to responding personnel and will be located
as required by the authority having jurisdiction to facilitate an
efficient response to the fire situation.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.7.1.2 Fire alarm systems serving two or more
zones will identify the zone of origin by annunciation or coded
signal.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.7.2 Alarm annunciation at the fire command
center will audible and visible.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.7.3 For alarm annunciation purposes, each floor
of a building will be considered a separate zone. Where a floor
is subdivided by fire or smoke barriers and the fire plan for the
protected premises allows relocation of occupants from the zone
of origin to another zone on the same floor, each zone on the
floor will be annunciated separately.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.7.4 For systems serving more than one building,
each building will be annunciated separately.


"... basic requirements, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-5.1.2 Equipment. Equipment constructed and
installed in conformity with this code is to be listed for the
purpose for which it is used.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.5.3 To reduce the possibility of damage caused
by induced transients, circuits and equipment will be protected
in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 70, National
Electrical Code, Article 800. 

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.5.4 The installation of wiring, cable, and
equipment will be in accordance with NFPA 70, National Electrical
Code, and specifically with Article 760, Article 770, and Article
800. Optical fiber cables will be protected against damage in
accordance with Article 760.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.5.5 All fire alarm systems will test free of
grounds, except parts of circuits or equipment that are
intentionally and permanently grounded to provide ground-fault
detection, noise suppression, emergency ground signaling, and
circuit protection grounding.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.6 Automatic smoke detection will be provided at
each control unit(s) location to provide notification of fire at
that location in areas that are not continuously occupied. Except
where ambient conditions prohibit installation of automatic smoke
detection, automatic heat detection will be permitted.


"... primary and secondary power supply sources, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-5.2.3 Power Sources. Fire alarm systems will be
provided with at least two independent and reliable power
supplies, one primary and one secondary (standby), each of which
will be of adequate capacity for the application.

Where the primary power is supplied by a dedicated branch circuit
of an emergency system in accordance with NFPA 70, National
Electrical Code, Article 700, or a legally required standby
system in accordance with NFPA 70, National electrical Code,
Article 701, a secondary supply is not required.

Where the primary power is supplied by a dedicated branch circuit
of an optional standby system in accordance with NFPA 70,
National Electrical Code, Article 702, which also meets the
performance requirements of Article 700 or Article 701, a
secondary supply is not required.

Where dc voltages are employed, they will be limited to no more
than 350 volts above earth ground.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.2.4 Primary Supply. The primary supply will have
a high degree of reliability, have adequate capacity for the
intended service, and consist of one of the following:
1. Light and power service arranged in accordance with 1-5.2.5;
2. Where a person specifically trained in its operation is on
duty at all times, an engine-driven generator or equivalent
arranged in accordance with 1-5.2.10.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.2.5.2 Connections to the light and power service
will be on a dedicated branch circuit(s). The circuit(s) and
connections will be mechanically protected. Circuit disconnecting
means will have a red marking, be accessible only to authorized
personnel, and be identified as FIRE ALARM CIRCUIT CONTROL. The
overcurrent protective device will be enclosed in a locked or
sealed cabinet located immediately adjacent to the point of
connection to the light and power conductors.

NFPA 72-1999 1-5.2.6 Secondary Supply Capacity and Sources. The
secondary supply will automatically supply the energy to the
system within 30 seconds, and without loss of signals, wherever
the primary supply is incapable of providing the minimum voltage
required for proper operation. The secondary (standby) power
supply will supply energy to the system in the event of total
failure of the primary (main) power supply or when the primary
voltage drops to a level insufficient to maintain functionality
of the control equipment and system components. Under maximum
normal load, the secondary supply will have sufficient capacity
to operate a protected premises, central station, or proprietary
system for 24 hours, or an auxiliary or remote station system for
60 hours; and, at the end of that period, will be capable of
operating all alarm notification appliances used for evacuation
or to direct aid to the location of an emergency for 5 minutes.
The secondary power supply for emergency voice/alarm
communications service will be capable of operating the system
under maximum normal load for 24 hours and then be capable of
operating the system during a fire, or other emergency condition
for a period of 2 hours. Fifteen minutes of evacuation alarm
operation at maximum connected load is considered the equivalent
of 2 hours of emergency operation.

"... supervision, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 1-5.8.1 All means of interconnecting equipment,
devices, appliances and wiring connections will be monitored for
integrity such that the occurrence of a single open or a single
ground-fault condition in the installation conductors or other
signaling channels and their restoration to normal will be
automatically indicated within 200 seconds.

NFPA 72-1999 3-4.2 Initiating, notification, and signaling line
circuits will be designated by class or style, or both, depending
upon the circuit's capability to continue to operate during a
specified fault condition.

See Table 3-5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDC)
See Table 3-6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLC)
See Table 3-7.1 Notification Appliance Circuits (NAC)


"... signal appliances, ..."
NFPA 72-1999 3-8.4.1.2 & 3-8.4.1.2.1 Distinctive Evacuation
Signal. To meet the requirements of NFPA 72-1999 1-5.4.7
(Distinctive Signals), the fire alarm signal used to notify
building occupants of the need to evacuate (leave the building)
will be in accordance with ANSI S3.41, Audible Emergency
Evacuation Signal.

NFPA 72-1999 3-8.4.1.2.2 The use of the American National
Standard Audible emergency Evacuation Signal will be restricted
to situations where it is desired that all occupants hearing the
signal evacuate the building immediately. It will not be used
where, with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction,
the planned action during a fire emergency is not evacuation, but
is the relocation of occupants or their protection in place as
directed by the firefighting personnel.

NFPA 72-1999 A-3-8.4.1.2 & Figures A-3-8.4.1.2 (a)(b)(c) The use
of the distinctive three-pulse temporal pattern fire alarm
evacuation signal required by NFPA 72-1999 3-8.4.1.2.2 became
effective July 1, 1996, for new systems installed after that
date. It had previously been recommended for this purpose by this
code since 1979. It has since been adopted as both an American
National Standard (ANSI S3.41, Audible Emergency Evacuation
Signal) and an International Standard (ISO 8201, Audible
Emergency Evacuation Signal).

Copies of both of these standards are available from the
Standards Secretariat, Acoustical Society of American, 335 East
45th Street, New York, NY 10017-3483. Telephone 212-661-9404 ext. 562.

The standard fire alarm evacuation signal is a three-pulse
temporal pattern using any appropriate sound. The pattern
consists of an "on" phase (a) lasting 0.5 second @ 10 percent
followed by and "off" phase (b) lasting 0.5 second @ 10 percent,
for three successive "on" periods, which are then followed by and
"off" phase (c) lasting 1.5 second @ 10 percent [see NFPA 72-1999
Figures A-3-8.4.1.2 (a) and A-3-8.4.1.2 (b)]. The signal should
be repeated for a period appropriate for the purposes of
evacuation of the building, but for not less than 180 seconds. A
single-stroke bell or chime sounded at "on" intervals lasting 1
second 10 percent, with a 2-second @ 10 percent "off" interval
after each third "on" stroke, may be permitted [see NFPA 72-1999
Figure A-3-8.4.1.2(c)].

The minimum repetition time is permitted to be manually
interrupted.


"... and signal capacity of circuits."
NFPA 72-1999 3-8.3.2.4.2 The number of waterflow switches
permitted to be connected to a single initiating device circuit
will not exceed five.

NFPA 72-1999 3-8.3.3.1.1 The number of supervisory devices
permitted to be connected to a single initiating device circuit
will not exceed 20. 

THE INFORMATION HEREIN IS PROVIDED AS A GUIDE ONLY AND IS
INTENDED TO ASSIST YOU IN PREPARING FOR AN EXAM. IT IS NOT
INTENDED TO BE INCLUSIVE OF ALL INFORMATION THAT MAY BE ON AN
EXAM BUT RATHER IT IS INTENDED TO BE A SMALL SAMPLE OF THE KIND
OF MATERIAL THAT YOU MAY BE EXPECTED TO KNOW.

================================================================
NICET TEST DATES
================================================================

OREGON
------
PCC Sylvania, Portland;
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

Clackamas Community College, Oregon City;
Test 9/14/02. Postmark deadline 7/27/02.
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.

WASHINGTON
----------
Bates Technical College, Tacoma;
Test 9/14/02. Postmark deadline 7/27/02.
Test 12/14/02. Postmark deadline 10/26/02.

Walla Walla Community College;
Test 10/19/02. Postmark deadline 8/31/02.
Test TBA/03. Postmark deadline TBA/03.

Spokane Community College;
Test 8/24/02. Postmark deadline 7/6/02.
Test 11/16/02. Postmark deadline 9/28/02.

For a complete list of all test centers and test dates, visit
http://63.70.211.210/cfdocs/nicetschedule.cfm

================================================================
AFAA CLASS SCHEDULE 
================================================================

------------------
August 20-22, 2002 Portland, OR - Co-sponsored by Oregon AFAA
------------------
Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_Portland_August2002.pdf

--------------------
September 4-6, 2002 Chicago, IL
--------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 9/4-6
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_Chicago_Sept2002.pdf

--------------------
September 9-12, 2002 College Park, MD - Sponsored by
MD-DC-VA AFAA
--------------------
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/10-12
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_MD-DC-VA_Sept2002.pdf

---------------------
September 16-19, 2002 Oakland, CA - Sponsored by CAFAA
---------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 9/16
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_OAKLAND2002.pdf
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/17-19
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_OAKLAND2002.pdf

---------------------
September 17-19, 2002 Houston, TX - Co-sponsored by
Texas Fire Alarm Assoc.
---------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 9/17-19
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/IntFA_Houston_Sept2002.pdf

---------------------
September 26, 2002 Cincinnati, OH
---------------------
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/24-25
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Cincinnati_Sept2002.pdf
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 9/26
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Cincinnati_Sept2002.pdf

------------------
September 24-26, 2002 Lafayette, LA - Sponsored by LA AFAA
------------------
Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar 9/24-25
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Lafayette2002.pdf
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 9/26
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/AHJ_TI_Lafayette2002.pdf

------------------
October 7-10, 2002 Anaheim, CA - Sponsored by CAFAA
------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 10/7
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_TI_Anaheim_Oct2002.pdf
Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar 10/8-10
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/ADV_TI_Anaheim_Oct2002.pdf

------------------
October 14-16, 2002 Anchorage, AK
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 10/14-16
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_ANC_Oct2002.pdf

------------------
October 28-30, 2002 Brockton, MA - Sponsored by
AFAA of New England
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 10/28-30
More information will be available soon.

------------------
November 4-7, 2002 Anaheim, CA - Sponsored by CAFAA
------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 11/4
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_ANAHEIM_November2002.pdf
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 11/5-7
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_CAFAA_ANAHEIM_November2002.pdf

------------------
December 2-5, 2002 Orlando, FL
------------------
Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar 12/2
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_Orlando_Dec2002.pdf
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 12/3-5
http://www.afaa.org/afaa/PDF/INT_TI_Orlando_Dec2002.pdf

------------------
February 4-6, 2003 Orlando, FL
------------------
Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar 2/4-6
More information will be available soon.

------------------
February 19-21, 2003 Raleigh, NC
------------------
Intermediate Fire Alarm Seminar 2/19-21
More information will be available soon.

------------------
April 7-9, 2003 New Orleans, LA
------------------
Advanced Fire Alarm Seminar 4/7-9
To be held prior to the AFAA 50th Anniversary celebration.
More information will be available soon.

----------------------------------------------------------------
Non-AFAA Oregon & Washington NICET Test Preparation Seminars
----------------------------------------------------------------

September 7 & 8, 2002, Oregon City, OR

October 12 & 19 and November 23 & 30, 2002, Seattle, WA

Instructor:
-----------
Dean Reed, CET
Dean Reed and Associates 
8317 35th Avenue SW 
Seattle, WA 98126 
(206) 935-8950 voice & fax
(206) 953-8240 cell
mailto:bubba@oz.net

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reprinted material is not the complete and official position of
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Alarm Code(r), Life Safety Code(r), and 101(r) are registered
trademarks of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.,
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This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.