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April 7, 2002

                             ET News
================================================================
                NEWS FOR ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS
----------------------------------------------------------------
Volume 2 Issue 14                                       4-7-2002
================================================================

Contents
--------
- News
- ET Journal
- Test Dates
- Class Schedule
- Administrivia

=================================================================
NEWS
=================================================================

Dates to remember:
------------------
4/15/02: Protective Signaling apprenticeship committee meeting, 9 a.m.
at RFI, 6195 SW 112th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97008.

4/16/02: Oregon Automatic Fire Alarm Association http://oafaa.org
general membership meeting, 9 a.m. at Marion County Fire District #1
Training Center, 4910 Brooklake Rd. NE, Brooks, OR 97305.

4/17/02 & 4/18/02: Automatic Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems Seminar
co-sponsored by AFAA http://www.afaa.org & Oregon AFAA
http://www.oafaa.org, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. at The Radisson Hotel, 1441 NE 2nd
Ave., Portland, OR 97232.

4/19/02: Fire Alarm System Testing and Inspections Seminar co-sponsored
by AFAA http://www.afaa.org & Oregon AFAA http://www.oafaa.org, 9 a.m. -
4 p.m. at The Radisson Hotel, 1441 NE 2nd Ave., Portland, OR 97232.

=================================================================
ET JOURNAL
=================================================================

NICET Fire Alarm Systems Level I
32004 FIRE WARNING EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING UNITS
-----------------------------------------------

32004 DESCRIPTION:
Have basic understanding of fire warning equipment for dwelling units,
its required protection, power supplies,
performance, spacing and location of detectors and alarm sounding
devices. (NFPA 72)

32004 is a Level I Special Work element.

32004 REFERENCES:
NFPA 72-1999
http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category%5Fname=&pid=72%2D99

32004 DESCRIPTION BREAKDOWN:
"Have basic understanding of fire warning equipment for dwelling
units,...
NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Household Fire Alarm System. A system of devices that
produces an alarm signal in the household for the purpose of notifying
the occupants of the presence of a fire such that they may evacuate the
premises.

NFPA 72-1999 1-4 Dwelling Unit. One or more rooms for the permanent use
of one or more persons as a space for eating, living, and sleeping, with
permanent provisions for cooking and sanitation. For the purposes of
this code, dwelling unit includes one- and two-family attached and
detached dwellings, apartments, and condominiums but does not include
hotel and motel rooms and guest suites, dormitories, or sleeping rooms
in nursing homes.

NFPA 72-1999 8-1 Fire warning equipment for dwelling units shall provide
a reliable means to notify the occupants of a dwelling unit of the
presence of a threatening fire and the need to escape to a place of
safety before such escape might be impeded by untenable conditions in
the normal path of egress.


"its required protection,...
NFPA 72-1999 8-1.4.2 Smoke alarms or detectors will not be closer than 3
feet from the door to a bathroom or kitchen. Smoke alarms or detectors
that are located within 20 feet of a cooking appliance and are equipped
with an alarm silencing means or are of the photoelectric type will be
considered acceptable.

NFPA 72-1999 8-1.4.4 Smoke detectors will be connected to central
controls for power, signal processing, and activation of notification
appliances. Smoke alarms will not be interconnected in numbers that
exceed the manufacturer's recommendations, but in no case will more than
18 initiating devices be interconnected (of which 12 may be smoke
alarms) where the interconnecting means is not supervised, nor more than
64 initiating devices be interconnected (of which 42 may be smoke
alarms) where the interconnecting means is supervised.

NFPA 72-1999 8-4.2 All monitored circuits will indicate with a
distinctive trouble signal the occurrence of a single open or single
ground fault.


"power supplies,...
NFPA 72-1999 8-4.1 The two independent power sources will consist of a
primary source that uses the commercial light and power source and a
secondary source that consists of a rechargeable battery or standby
generator that can operate the system for at least 24 hours in the
normal condition followed by 4 minutes of alarm.

NFPA 72-1999 8-4.5 Smoke alarms will be powered from the commercial
light and power source along with a secondary battery source that is
capable of operating the device for at least 7 days in normal operation
followed by 4 minutes of alarm. Alternatively, smoke alarms will be
powered by a non-replaceable primary battery that is capable of
operating the device for at least 10 years followed by 4 minutes of
alarm, followed by 7 days of trouble.

NFPA 72-1999 8-4.6 Smoke alarms powered by a primary battery capable of
operating the device for at least 1 year in normal operation followed by
4 minutes of alarm, followed by at least 7 days of trouble, will be used
only when specifically allowed.


"performance,...
NFPA 72-1999 8-1.2.1 Sufficient initiating devices shall be installed
within the dwelling unit so that their operation provides adequate
egress time before the occurrence of untenable conditions at any point
along the normal path of egress for all design fire scenarios specified
in applicable codes and any supplementary fire scenarios specified by
the authority having jurisdiction.

NFPA 72-1999 8-1.4.3 Smoke alarms and smoke detectors will be capable of
detecting abnormal quantities of smoke and will alarm prior to a gray
smoke level of 4 percent per ft. Visible notification appliances located
on the ceiling over the bed and within 16 feet of a sleeping occupant
will have a light output rating of 177 cd. Where a visible notification
appliance in a sleeping room is mounted more than 24 inches below the
ceiling and within 16 feet of the pillow, a minimum rating of 110 cd
will be permitted.


"spacing and location of detectors...
NFPA 72-1999 8-1.4.1.6 One- and Two-Family Dwellings. Approved
single-station smoke alarms will be installed in the following
locations:
(1) All sleeping rooms (in new construction).
(2) Outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of
the sleeping rooms.
(3) On each additional story of the dwelling unit including basements.
(Approved smoke alarms powered by batteries will be permitted in
existing construction).


"and alarm sounding devices."
NFPA 72-1999 8-1.2.2 Fire warning equipment for dwelling units shall
provide a sound that is audible in all occupiable dwelling areas.
Audible fire alarm signals shall meet the performance requirements of
NFPA 72-1999 4-3.4. If the dwelling unit is occupied by people with
hearing deficiencies, visible appliances shall be provided in all
dwelling areas to meet the requirement of Section 4-4.

NFPA 72-1999 4-3.3 Private Mode Audible Requirements. Audible
notification appliances intended for operation in the private mode will
have a sound level of not less than 45dBA at 10ft (3m) or more than
120dBA.
To ensure private mode signals are clearly heard, they will have a sound
level at least 10dBA above average ambient sound level or 5dBA above
maximum sound level having a duration of at least 60 seconds, whichever
is greater, measured 5 ft (1.5m) above the floor in the occupiable area.
Where audible appliances are installed to in sleeping areas, they will
have a sound level of at least 15dBA above average ambient sound level
or 5dBA above the maximum sound level having a duration of at least 60
seconds or a sound level of 70dBA, whichever is greater, measured at the
pillow level in the occupiable area.

NFPA 72-1999 8-1.2.3 Newly installed fire warning equipment for dwelling
units (including self-contained devices) will produce the audible
emergency signal described in ANSI S3.41, Audible Emergency Evacuation
Signal. (AKA 3-pulse temporal pattern fire alarm evacuation signal)
(a) A fire alarm signal will take precedence or be clearly recognizable
over any other signal even when the non-fire alarm signal is initiated
first.
(b) Distinctive alarm signals will be used so that fire alarms can be
distinguished from other functions such as burglar alarms. The use of a
common sounding appliance for fire and burglar alarms will be permitted
where distinctive signals are used. (See 2-2.2.2)


Portions reprinted with permission from NFPA 72-1999 National Fire Alarm
Code(r), Copyright(c) 1999 National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and official
position of the National Fire Protection Association on the referenced
subject which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.
National Fire Alarm Code(r) is a registered trademark of the National
Fire Protection Association, Inc., Quincy, MA 02269.

THE INFORMATION IN ET JOURNAL IS PROVIDED AS A GUIDE ONLY AND IS
INTENDED TO ASSIST YOU IN PREPARING FOR AN EXAM. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO
BE INCLUSIVE OF ALL INFORMATION THAT MAY BE ON AN EXAM BUT RATHER IT IS
INTENDED TO BE A SMALL SAMPLE OF THE KIND OF MATERIAL THAT YOU MAY BE
EXPECTED TO KNOW.

================================================================
NICET TEST DATES
================================================================

OREGON
------
PCC Sylvania, Portland;
Test 4/20/02. Postmark deadline 3/2/02.
Test 7/27/02. Postmark deadline 6/8/02.

Clackamas Community College, Oregon City;
Test 6/22/02. Postmark deadline 5/4/02.
Test 9/14/02. Postmark deadline 7/27/02.

WASHINGTON
----------
Bates Technical College, Tacoma;
Test 5/18/02. Postmark deadline 3/30/02.
Test 9/14/02. Postmark deadline 7/27/01.

Walla Walla Community College;
Test 4/20/02. Postmark deadline 3/2/02.
Test 7/27/02. Postmark deadline 6/8/02.

Spokane Community College;
Test 5/18/02. Postmark deadline 3/30/02.
Test 8/24/02. Postmark deadline 7/6/01.

For a complete list of all test centers and test dates, visit
http://63.70.211.210/cfdocs/nicetschedule.cfm

================================================================
CLASS SCHEDULE 
================================================================

OREGON
------
Clackamas Community College is sponsoring a 16-hour NICET Test
Preparation Seminar:

>> 4-6-2002 8am - 5pm NICET Certification application process and Fire
Alarm Systems Level I Element Review.

>> 4-13-2002 8am - 5pm Fire Alarm Systems Level II Element Review.

OUTLINE
-------
http://65.108.49.140/docs/outline.pdf

LOCATION
--------
Clackamas Community College
http://www.clackamas.cc.or.us/maps/campus/

INSTRUCTOR
----------
Michael B. Baker SET
(503) 209-7345
mailto:mbbaker@etnews.org?subject=seminar

----------------------------------------------------------------

WASHINGTON
----------
Dean Reed and Associates is sponsoring a 16-hour NICET(r) Test
Preparation Seminar:

>> 4-20-02 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. NICET Certification application process and
Fire Alarm Systems Level I Element Review.

>> 4-27-02 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Fire Alarm Systems Level II Element Review.

LOCATION
--------
Pinkerton Systems Integration
15404 53rd Ave South
Seattle, WA 98188
[Near South Center]

INSTRUCTOR
----------
Dean Reed CET
(206) 953-8240 or;
(206) 935-8950
mailto:bubba@oz.net

================================================================
ADMINISTRIVIA
================================================================

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Step-by-Step guide to NICET Certification in Fire Alarm Systems
http://www.etnews.org/docs/stepbystep.pdf  [requires Acrobat Reader]

================================================================
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Some information may be found within this web site that is reprinted with permission from one or more of the following: NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®,NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm Code®, & NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®, Copyright© NFPA, Quincy, MA 02269.

This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.