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Fire Protection Glossary - H


H


Hazardous Area. Those areas of structures or buildings posing a degree of hazard greater than that normal to the general occupancy of a building or structure, such as those areas used for the storage or use of combustibles or flammables; toxic, noxious, or corrosive materials; or heat-producing appliance.

Health Care Occupancy. Health care occupancies are those used for purposes such as medical or other treatment or care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness, disease, or infirmity; and for the care of infants, convalescents, or infirm aged persons. Health care occupancies provide sleeping facilities for four or more occupants and are occupied by persons who are mostly incapable of self-preservation because of age, physical or mental disability, or because of security measures not under the occupants' control. Health care occupancies include hospitals, limited care facilities, and nursing homes. Health care occupancies also include ambulatory health care centers.

Heat Alarm. A single or multiple station alarm responsive to heat.

Heat Detector. A fire detector that senses heat produced by burning substances. Heat is the energy produced by combustion that causes substances to rise in temperature.

High-Rise Building. A building more than 75 ft (23 m) in height. Building height shall be measured from the lowest level of fire department vehicle access to the floor of the highest occupiable story. It is the intent of this definition that in determining the level from which the highest occupiable floor is to be measured, the enforcing agency should exercise reasonable judgment, including consideration of overall accessibility to the building by fire department personnel and vehicular equipment. Where a building is situated on a sloping terrain and there is building access on more than one level, the enforcing agency may select the level that provides the most logical and adequate fire department access.

Hoistway. Any shaftway, hatchway, well hole, or other vertical opening or space in which an elevator or dumbwaiter is designed to operate.

Horn. An audible notification appliance in which electrical energy is used to produce a sound by driving a device which imparts motion to a flexible component that vibrates at a nominal frequency.

Horn/Strobe. A combination audible and visible notification appliance, which operates as a horn and a strobe light, simultaneously. The horn produces a sound at a nominal frequency and the strobe light flashes at a predetermined rate.

Household. The family living unit in single-family detached dwellings, single-family attached dwellings, multi-family buildings, and mobile homes.

Household Fire Alarm System. A system of devices that produces an alarm signal in the household for the purpose of notifying the occupants of the presence of a fire so that they will evacuate the premises.

Hunt Group. A group of associated telephone lines within which an incoming call is automatically routed to an idle (not busy) telephone line for completion.
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ISSN 1554-074X

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Some information may be found within this web site that is reprinted with permission from one or more of the following: NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®,NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm Code®, & NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®, Copyright© NFPA, Quincy, MA 02269.

This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.